By Brian Muñoz, Matthew Landers
Throughout early smooth Europe, the turning out to be medical perform of dissection brought on new and insightful principles in regards to the human physique. This choice of essays explores the impression of anatomical wisdom on wider problems with studying and tradition.
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Crooke’s intentions for Mikrokosmografia become apparent in chapters 15 and 16 of book 1. Here, in a lengthy but important passage, he defines anatomy, drawing an important distinction between alternate meanings of the word: Now there is amongst Physitians, a double acceptation of Anatomy; either it signifieth the action which is done with the hande; or the habite of the minde, that is, the most perfect action of the intellect. The first is called practicall Anatomy, the latter Theoretical or contemplative: the first is gained by experience, the second by reason and discourse: the first wee attaine only by Section and Inspection, the second by the living voice of a Teacher, or by their learned writings: the first we call Historical Anatomy, the second Scientificall: the first is altogether necessary for the practise of anatomy, the second is only profitable; but yet this profit is oftentimes more ben- 18 Anatomy and the Organization of Knowledge eficiall then the use it selfe of Anatomy: the first looketh into the structure of the partes, the second into the causes of the structure, and the actions and uses therefrom proceeding.
28 What political economists offered instead of the tangible forms of currency at the centre of their debates was the virtual ‘sensory’ experience of mathematical argument. Paterson’s relatively simple calculations thus invoked an imaginary, idealized world that he needed to make convincing as a stand-in for the complex and constantly shifting accumulation of diverse commercial events that made up his audience’s daily trade practices. Inspired by the sort of mathematical persuasion that Harvey had used earlier in the century and supported by the anatomist’s compelling image of a self-sustaining body, political-economic thinkers like Paterson finally convinced their audiences to gamble money on their quintessentially modern field of knowledge.
Furthermore, the act of drawing brackets around a series of premises does not make them rationally coherent. One suspects, given Burton’s insistence on the satirical nature of the Anatomy, that the inclusion of obvious failures in logic are in fact necessary. The existence of digressions marks one difference between the anatomy and scholastic treatise, as modalities. 47 Whereas treatises exist as expansions on, or extensions of the logical processes of the mind-searching-for-the-summa, anatomy affirms the importance of understanding parts.
Anatomy and the Organization of Knowledge, 1500–1850 by Brian Muñoz, Matthew Landers